Breast Augmentation

BASIC INFORMATION

DEFINITION

Implantation of artificial material inside the female breasts to enlarge them or give them a different shape.

REASONS FOR PROCEDURE

  • Restoration of normal breast appearance following a mastectomy.
  • Enlargement of the breast in patients who have less breast tissue than they desire.
  • Correction of asymmetry of the breasts.

RISK INCREASES WITH

  • Smoking.
  • Obesity.
  • Excess alcohol consumption.
  • Use of drugs such as: antihypertensive; muscle relaxants; tranquilizers; sleep inducers; insulin; sedatives; beta-adrenergic blockers; or cortisone.
  • Use of mind-altering drugs, including: narcotics; psychedelics; hallucinogens; marijuana; sedatives; hypnotics; or cocaine.

DESCRIPTION OF PROCEDURE

  • Biopsy is performed under local or general anesthesia.
  • Needles may be inserted into the breast to localize the lump or cyst.
  • An incision is made over the cyst or lump to be removed.
  • The cyst or lump is cut free of surrounding tissue and removed.
  • Bleeding is controlled with sutures or electrocautery.
  • The skin is closed with sutures or surgical clips, which usually can be removed about 1 week after surgery.

EXPECTED OUTCOME

Expect complete healing without complications. Allow about 2 weeks for recovery from surgery.

POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS

  • Expect bleeding.
  • Surgical-wound infection.
  • Unsightly scar on breast (rare).
  • In cases of a large biopsy or if tissue removed in close to the skin, there can be some minor changes in the contour of the breast.