Developmental Millstones for Children

Introduction
The following milestones serve to give you a “ballpark” idea of how your child is progressing. He or she may lag in some and excel in others. You should be concerned only if your child shows an overall trend of slow development.
 
YOUR CHILD MAY DO THE FOLLOWING BY:
6 Weeks
· Hold up head at 45-degree angle while lying on stomach. · Follow an object with eyes for a short distance. · Keep head erect when held in sitting position.
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2 Months
· Lift head so face is at a 45-degree angle to surface, while lying on stomach.
 
3 Months
· Sit with head steady. · Follow an object moved from one side of the head to the other. · Bring hand together in front. · Laugh, squeal and coo. · Listen to voice and recognize yours. · Bear weight on legs when held in a standing position. · Be pulled to a sitting position. · Clasp hands together playfully.
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5 Months
· Sit up for 30 minutes with back supported. · Bring foot to mouth and suck on toes. · Reach for objects and often grasp them. · React to name, sometimes. · Shift objects from hand to hand; drop one to pick another. · Anticipate a whole object by seeing part. · Show emotions; may protest when something is taken away. · No head lag when pulled to a sitting position. · When lying on stomach, can put weight on forearms.
 
 
6 Months
· Sit well with support. · Get a toy that is within reach. · Pull back on a toy when you pull. · Turn toward a voice. · Attempt to pick up an object that falls. · Recognize a familiar voice. · When on stomach, puts weight on hands with elbows extended.
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7 Months
· Sit on floor with hands forward for support. · While lying on back, lift head spontaneously. · Begin to imitate a cough, hand movement.
 
8 Months
· Grasp objects with thumb and finger. · Play peek-a-boo. · Say “dada” and “mama”. · Sit with support; get self into a sitting position. · Stand well while holding your hands. · Creep on stomach.
 
9 Months
· Stand, holding on furniture. · Sit on floor without toppling over. · Struggle to get an object out of reach. · Consistently bear full weight on legs. · Respond to his own name. · Reach with one hand. · Roll both ways. · Differentiate various emotions by tone of voice. · Begin to respond to the word “no”. · Use voice to express delight and unhappiness. · Find partially concealed objects. · Babble a chain of consonants.
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10 Months
· Play pat a cake. · Identify “mama” and “dad” and call them by name. · Pull to stand. · Walk or sidestep, holding on to furniture (cruising). · Wave bye-bye. · Point objects with index finger. · Hold out arm for coat, foot for shoe. · Pick up small object between tip of thumb and forefinger.
 
11 Months
· Creep on hands and knees.
 
12 Months
· Indicate desires without crying. · Take a few steps. · Drink from cup, if somewhat clumsily. · Stand-alone, stoop and return to stand. · Understand many words. · Give toys to parent. · Say one word with meaning.
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13 Months
· Walk with one hand held. · Throw one object after another to floor. · Say three words with meaning. · Feed self with spoon but may be messy.
 
14 Months
· Walk without help.
 
15 Months
· Use a spoon, spilling only a little. · Copy parent-doing housework. · Scribble with a crayon.
 
18 Months
· Remove all or some clothing. · Stack four blocks. · Walk up steps holding rail. · Point to a baby’s picture in a book. · Use name for him/herself · Tell parent for need to potty
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2 Years
· Combine many words to make simple statements. · Identify one or more parts of the body. · Follow simple directions if only a simple step is involved. · Wash and dry hands with help. · Idenitify pictures of animals by name. · Pedal a tricycle; scoot around in a kiddies car with feet. · Put on shoes, socks, pants. · Stack 6 or 7 blocks.
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3 Years
· Dress with help and button some of the easier buttons. · Play interactive games, like tag, “Simon sez”, etc. · Tell first and last names. · Draw a circle with a crayon when given an example to follow. · Use plurals, pronouns and prepositions in speech. · Understands words like “hungry”, “thirsty”, and “tired”. · Follow simple one step directions. · Know where things belong and help put them there. · Feed self almost completely. · Be toilet-trained during the day and remain dry all night some of the time. · Recognize and name some colors. · Stack nine blocks. · Know his or her sex and age. · Stand on one foot for a few seconds. · Repeat three numbers. · Jump with both feet together.
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4 Years
· Dress without help. · Use plurals and prepositions. · Leave parents without difficulty and play out of sight for long spells. · Draw a figure that looks human. · Hop on one foot and maybe skip a few steps. · Identify colors and make a few comparisons.
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5 Years
· Define many words. · Catch a bounced ball. · Put on shoes and perhaps tie them. · Walk heel to toe. · Balance on one foot for ten seconds. · Recognize his or her printed name and perhaps print it. Sing a recognizable song.
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Minor changes from this description should be ignored. Different children will develop differently.