Lower Genital Tract Infection

This infections may go unnoticed for a while, but may e discovered at routine Gynaecological examination.

Bacterial Vaginosis

This is characterized by an offensive vaginal discharge which gives a positive amine test, has a pH greater than 5, and ‘clue cells’ seen on microscopy of a Gram stained smear. The cause is a mixed infection with Gardenerella vaginalis and anaerobic organisms including Bacteroides species and other causes of vaginal discharge include increased but normal vaginal secretion, e.g. at ovulation, during sexual excitement or during pregnancy, and abnormal discharge due to chemical irritants, foreign bodies or degenerative conditions.


(Warts – human papilloma virus: HPV) Warts are caused by the human papilloma virus. They can be flat and undetectable to the naked eye, or large exophytic lesions. The cervix vaginal and vulva surfaces are all susceptible to infection. HPV has been strongly implicated as a causative factor in cervical cancer. It may present as painless, slow growing vulvovaginal lumps. The differential diagnoses include molluscum contagiosum (caused by a pox virus) condylomata lata (lesions of secondary syphilis) and other skin tags, naevi or sebaceous cysts.


Your gynaecologist should be able to confirm the diagnosis and treat you appropriately