Infection or inflammation of the vagina or vulva before a young girl reaches puberty. Affects female infants and children.
FREQUENT SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
- Redness, pain and itching around the genital area.
- Vaginal discharge, which may or may not have an odor.
- Pain with urination.
- Bleeding from the affected area (sometimes).
- Infections caused by bacteria, parasites (including pin-worms), yeast-like fungi, or viruses.
- Allergies to synthetic fabrics, soap or other items in contact with the genitals.
- Scratches, abrasions or genital injury from insertion of foreign bodies in the vagina by the child or a playmate.
- Genital injury from sexual abuse.
- Irritation from sources such as bubble bath or bath additives.
RISK INCREASES WITH
- Diabetes mellitus.
- Infrequent bathing or unsanitary living conditions.
- Co-existing pharyngitis or other infection.
- Teach the child to wipe from the vagina toward the anus after bowel movement.
- Don’t let the child sit around in wet clothing, especially a wet bathing suit.
- Don’t use dyed or perfumed toilet tissue, scented soap or bubble baths.
- Provide the child with cotton underpants or nylon underpants with a cotton crotch.
- Teach your child to resist and report any attempted sexual contact with anyone.
- Usually curable in 10 days with treatment.
- Adhesions (fibrous tissue within the body that joins normally unconnected parts; they are usually scar tissue formed after inflammation).
- Diagnostic tests may include laboratory blood studies, examination of vagina and culture of the vaginal discharge.
- Removal of any foreign object in the vagina.
- Discontinuance of the source of any irritation or allergy, such as soap or bubble bath.
- If urinating causes burning, the child may urinate while bathing or urinate through a toilet-paper roll or plastic cup with the bottom cut out or pour a cup of warm water over the genital area while urinating. This prevents urine from stinging inflamed skin.